Nez Perce Scout
NativeAmerican

by

I.M. Spadecaller

Nez Perce Scout
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Nez Perce Scout
The Nez Perce Indians lived in villages throughout the Plains west of the Rocky Mountains. They were the largest tribe Lewis and Clark met between the Missouri River and the Pacific Coast. Under pressure by the European-Americans, the Nez Perce split into two groups: those who accepted relocation to a reservation and those who refused to give up their fertile land. The harrowing flight of the “renegade” Nez Perce began on June 15, 1877. Chief Joseph, Looking Glass, White Bird, Ollokot, Poker Joe and Toohoolhoolzote lead 2,900 men, women and children hoping to find a peaceful sanctuary. After their Crow allies refused them shelter, they tried to reach Lakota Chief Sitting Bull in Canada. Chief Sitting Bull had migrated there instead of surrendering after the Battle of the Little Bighorn. In their epic flight to freedom, over 2,000 U.S. soldiers pursued the Nez Perce for more than 1,170 miles across four states and multiple mountain ranges. The 800 Nez Perce warriors held off the pursuing troops in 18 battles, skirmishes, and engagements. More than 300 US soldiers and 1,000 Nez Perce (including women and children) were killed in these conflicts. The surviving Nez Perce were finally forced to surrender on October 5, 1877, in Montana, just 40 miles from the Canada–US border. Chief Joseph surrendered to General Oliver O. Howard of the U.S. Cavalry after the Battle of the Bear Paw Mountains. During the surrender negotiations, Chief Joseph sent a dispatch to the US soldiers. Often described as a speech, it has become renowned as one of the greatest American speeches: "...Hear me, my chiefs, I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." - Spadecaller
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artsandi
artsandi ::
July 22, 2017
Very finely created, outstanding - Favorite

spadecaller
spadecaller ::
July 23, 2017
Thanks Sandi!

spadecaller
spadecaller ::
July 24, 2017
Thanks very much, Sandi!

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